Horses live in bands and harems that have several mares, 2-3 years age offspring, and a minimum of 1 and a maximum of 6 male adults. Horses are animals that love to socialize under natural conditions. A band with multiple males is larger enough than a group with a single male.
The different sizes of the bands:
The size of the group can range from 2 to 21 horses, and these groups are not restricted to a particular geographic area rather will travel to search for resources. The hierarchy in horses is not generally based on age, weight, height, gender, or for how much time one is in the group; it is in a linear or triangular relationship.
The decision-maker in the group is generally females and not the male or males that are with them; they act as a protector rather than a leader. There can be solitary females and solitary males, and there can also be bands of the juveniles that are non-breeding. Depending upon the dominance of the stallion in the territory, they can gather some new mares to the harem. Many different horse quotes are also offered. The mares are also important not only from the point of decision making in a particular situation but also in gathering and developing various strategies in different situations for the herd.
The response to handlers that are common as a social order by the horses is made by gestures like, ear laid back, and the teeth bared and might resort to nipping with teeth. If they need to show their aggression at times, they fight by rising up, using the neck to knock the opponent and biting. At times for kicking, they also use their back feet. Through these gestures, they show their social behavior very promptly.